Primaticcio, Francesco

(c. 1504-1570)
   Italian Mannerist painter, sculptor, and architect who studied under Giulio Romano in Mantua. Along with Rosso Fiorentino, Primaticcio headed the Fontainebleau School in France. He arrived at the French court in 1532, invited by Francis I, and remained there for the rest of his life save for a few short trips to Italy. Many of his works, particularly his buildings, were destroyed and are known only through prints and drawings. He is best remembered for his decorations in the Chambre de la Duchesse d'Étampes (c. 1541-1545) and his mantelpiece in the Chambre de la Reine (1533-1537), both at the Fontainebleau Palace. In the first, he created a series of sculpted caryatids, meant to enframe painted scenes, that do not follow classical forms. Rather, they are placed in profile or in three-quarter turns and support stylized cartouches. As Mannerist figures, they feature elongated proportions and little sense of musculature. The mantelpiece in the second room presents a play of circular and square forms that contrast with the elongations of the relief figures.
   Primaticcio's Ulysses and Penelope (c. 1545; Toledo, Museum of Art) is an example of his painting abilities. Related to the decorative scheme of the Galerie d'Ulysse in the Fontainebleau Palace, now destroyed, the work presents an intimate moment between husband and wife influenced by the sculptural figures of Michelangelo. The differing scales between the main characters and the two who converse in the background, the elegant elongations, and vague details of anatomy translate the stylizations of Primaticcio's sculptures into painting. Along with Rosso, Primaticcio is credited with bringing the Mannerist mode to France. The combination of painting and relief sculpture he introduced at Fontainebleau and his graceful lengthened forms were to have an impact on French art for many decades.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • PRIMATICCIO, Francesco — (1504 1570) Francesco Primaticcio was the most influential Italian artist working in France in the sixteenth century. Born and trained in Bologna, where the influence of Raphael* was preeminent, Primaticcio worked as a painter, stuccoist, and… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Primaticcio, Francesco — born April 30, 1504, Bologna, Emilia died 1570, Paris, France Italian born French painter, sculptor, and architect. In 1532 Francis I invited him to help redecorate the Fontainebleau Palace, and Primaticcio became one of the principal artists in… …   Universalium

  • Primaticcio, Francesco — (30 abr. 1504, Bolonia, Emilia–1570, París, Francia). Pintor, escultor y arquitecto francés de origen italiano. En 1532, Francisco I lo invitó a ayudar en la redecoración del palacio Fontainebleau. Primaticcio llegó a ser uno de los principales… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Primaticcio — Francesco Primaticcio (* 30. April 1504 in Bologna; † 1570 in Paris) war ein italienischer Maler, Bildhauer und Architekt des Manierismus und ein Mitbegründer der Schule von Fontainebleau. Leben Raub der Helena, um 1530 1539, Durham, Bowes Museum …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Francesco Primaticcio — (april 30, 1504 ndash; 1570) was an Italian Mannerist painter, architect and sculptor who spent most of his career in France.BiographyBorn in Bologna, he trained under Giulio Romano in Mantua and became a pupil of Innocenzo da Imola, executing… …   Wikipedia

  • Francesco Primaticcio — El rapto de Helena, 1530 1539. Francesco Primaticcio (Bolonia, 30 de abril de 1504 – Fontainebleau, 1570) fue un pintor, arquitecto y escultor manierista italiano, que pasó la mayor parte de su carrera en Francia. Se le llamó il Bolo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Francesco — (as used in expressions) Francesco di Cristofano de Giudicis Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola Francesco Petrarca Albani Francesco Francesco Albano Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmino Borromini Francesco Francesco Castelli Cavalli Pier Francesco… …   Universalium

  • Francesco — (as used in expressions) Albani, Francesco Francesco Albano Roberto Francesco Romolo Bellarmino Borromini, Francesco Francesco Castelli Cavalli, (Pier) Francesco Pietro Francesco Caletti Bruni Crispi, Francesco Francia, Francesco Francesco di… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Francesco Primaticcio — (* 30. April 1504 in Bologna; † 1570 in Paris) war ein italienischer Maler, Bildhauer und Architekt des Manierismus und ein Mitbegründer der Schule von Fontainebleau. Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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